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Prog Transplant. 2000 Dec;10(4):239-59; quiz 260-1.

Psychosocial assessments and outcomes in organ transplantation.

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  • 1University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pa., USA.

Abstract

A qualitative review was conducted to define the term psychosocial as applied to transplant patients and to summarize evidence regarding the role and impact of psychosocial assessments and outcomes across the transplant process. English-language case series and empirical studies from January 1970 through April 1990 that were abstracted in Medline and Psychological Abstracts or listed in publications' bibliographies were used as data sources. A qualitative analysis was performed to determine the depth of the case reports and whether the empirical reports obtained statistically reliable, clinically significant findings. The authors conclude that psychosocial assessments differ in content and application to candidate selection depending on the transplant program. Psychosocial status before transplant does not consistently affect medical outcomes after transplant. Psychosocial status generally improves with transplant, although difficulties are prevalent in psychological adjustment and in compliance with medical regimens. Psychiatric history can predict psychological outcomes after transplant but does not consistently predict compliance. Social supports and coping strategies strengthen psychosocial outcomes. Posttransplant psychosocial outcomes may predict physical morbidity and mortality.

PMID:
11232552
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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