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Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Mar 1;32(5):686-93. Epub 2001 Feb 21.

Mortality and costs of acute renal failure associated with amphotericin B therapy.

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  • 1Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. dbates@partners.org


To assess the mortality and resource utilization that results from acute renal failure associated with amphotericin B therapy, 707 adult admissions in which parenteral amphotericin B therapy was given were studied at a tertiary-care hospital. Main outcome measures were mortality, length of stay, and costs; we controlled for potential confounders, including age, sex, insurance status, baseline creatinine level, length of stay before beginning amphotericin B therapy, and severity of illness. Among 707 admissions, there were 212 episodes (30%) of acute renal failure. When renal failure developed, the mortality rate was much higher: 54% versus 16% (adjusted odds of death, 6.6). When acute renal failure occurred, the mean adjusted increase in length of stay was 8.2 days, and the adjusted total cost was $29,823. Although residual confounding exists despite adjustment, the increases in resource utilization that we found are large and the associated mortality is high when acute renal failure occurs following amphotericin B therapy.

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