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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001 Mar;42(3):720-6.

Role of recipient epithelium in promoting survival of orthotopic corneal allografts in mice.

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  • 1Schepens Eye Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, 20 Staniford Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether epithelium-deprived corneal allografts covered with syngeneic epithelium display immune privilege in orthotopic transplantation and whether syngeneic epithelium containing antigen-presenting cells nullifies this effect.

METHODS:

Epithelium-deprived allogeneic corneas (C57BL/6) and epithelium-deprived allogeneic corneas reconstituted with syngeneic (BALB/c) epithelium (containing or deprived of Langerhans' cells) were transplanted orthotopically into normal eyes of BALB/c mice. Graft survival was assessed clinically and evaluated histologically.

RESULTS:

Epithelium-deprived corneal grafts survived in syngeneic recipients but were swiftly rejected in allogeneic recipients. These allografts incited intense stromal inflammation and neovascularization. Epithelium-deprived allografts that were resurfaced in vivo by syngeneic epithelium derived from immune-incompetent SCID mice also underwent intense acute rejection when placed in normal eyes of BALB/c mice. The epithelium of in vivo resurfaced grafts was replete with Langerhans' cells. By contrast, most of the epithelium-deprived allografts reconstituted in vitro with fresh, normal BALB/c corneal epithelium survived indefinitely when placed in eyes of BALB/c mice. Similar grafts reconstituted with BALB/c epithelium containing Langerhans' cells were swiftly rejected.

CONCLUSIONS:

Replacement of donor epithelium with Langerhans' cell-deficient syngeneic epithelium protects orthotopic allogeneic cornea grafts (stroma plus endothelium) from immune-mediated rejection. The presence of an intact, histocompatible layer of corneal epithelium has two important effects on orthotopic corneal allografts: It suppresses nonspecific inflammation and neovascularization within the graft, and it blunts the alloimmunogenicity of the histoincompatible stroma and endothelium.

PMID:
11222533
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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