Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Diabetes Care. 2001 Feb;24(2):371-81.

Relationships of upper gastrointestinal motor and sensory function with glycemic control.

Author information

  • 1University of Adelaide Department of Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, South Australia, Australia.

Abstract

Acute changes in the blood glucose concentration have a major reversible effect on esophageal, gastric, intestinal, gallbladder, and anorectal motility in both healthy subjects and diabetic patients. For example, gastric emptying is slower during hyperglycemia than euglycemia and accelerated during hypoglycemia. Acute hyperglycemia also affects perceptions arising from the gastrointestinal tract and may accordingly, be important in the etiology of gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetes. Elevations in blood glucose that are within the normal postprandial range also affect gastrointestinal motor and sensory function. Upper gastrointestinal motor function is a critical determinant of postprandial blood glucose concentrations by influencing the absorption of ingested nutrients. Interventions that reduce postprandial hyperglycemia, by modulating the rate of gastric emptying, have the potential to become mainstream therapies in the treatment of diabetes.

PMID:
11213895
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk