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Bioresour Technol. 2001 Mar;77(1):33-40.

Network structures and thermal properties of polyurethane films prepared from liquefied wood.

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  • 1Institute of Wood Technology, Akita Prefectural University, Noshiro, Japan.


Polyurethane (PU) films were prepared by solution-casting after co-polymerization of liquefied woods (LWs) and polymeric methylene diphenylene diisocyanate (PMDI). The resulting PU films had various [NCO]/[OH] ratios ranging from 0.6 to 1.4 and contained 5.0-16.8% dissolved woody components at the [NCO]/[OH] ratio of 1.0. The crosslink densities of the films with [NCO]/[OH] ratios of 0.6-1.4 increased remarkably with increasing [NCO]/[OH] ratio. Similarly, there were large increases in glass transition temperatures (Tg). These characteristics could be attributed to effective incorporation of PMDI into the LW. The crosslink densities and Tg of the PU films prepared at the [NCO]/[OH] ratio of 1.0 increased because the amounts of dissolved woody components in the films increased. It is concluded that the dissolved woody components acted as crosslinking points in PU network formations. The thermal degradation of the PU films at an [NCO]/[OH] ratio of more than 0.8 or with more than 10.6% dissolved wood started above 262 degrees C under an N2 atmosphere. The thermostability was lost at low crosslink density or with large amount of co-polymerized glycerol structures in the PU networks.

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