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Biomaterials. 2001 Feb;22(3):243-51.

Preparation and performance of protein-adsorption-resistant asymmetric porous membrane composed of polysulfone/phospholipid polymer blend.

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  • 1Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Japan.


To obtain protein-adsorption-resistant membrane for hemodialysis, we prepared a polymer blend composed of polysulfone and 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) polymer (PSf/MPC polymer). The content of the MPC polymer in the PSf was 7 and 15 wt%. The asymmetric porous membrane was obtained by the dry/wet membrane processing method. The surface characterization of the PSf/MPC polymer membrane by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that the MPC polymer located at the surface. The mechanical strength of the PSf/MPC polymer membrane did not change compared with that of the PSf membrane. On the other hand, the permeability of solute below a molecular weight (Mw) of 2.0 x 10(4) through the PSf membrane increased with the addition of the MPC polymer, which is considered to be an effect of the hydrophilic character of the MPC polymer. The amount of protein adsorbed on the PSf membrane from plasma was reduced by the addition of the MPC polymer. The permeability of low-molecular-weight protein (Mw = 1.2 x 10(4)) did not change even after the PSf/MPC polymer membrane was contacted with plasma protein solution for 4 h, whereas it decreased dramatically in the case of the PSf membrane. Platelet adhesion was also effectively suppressed on the PSf/MPC polymer membrane. Based on these results, the MPC polymer could serve as a doubly functional polymeric additive, that is, to generate a protein-adsorption-resistant characteristic and to render the membrane hydrophilic.

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