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Subcell Biochem. 2000;35:317-49.

Peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of ascorbate. Structural, spectroscopic and mechanistic correlations in ascorbate peroxidase.

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  • Department of Chemistry, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, England, UK.

Abstract

Ascorbate-dependent peroxidase activity was first reported in 1979 (Groden and Beck, 1979; Kelly and Latzko, 1979) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) is, therefore, a relative newcomer to the peroxidase field--horseradish (HRP) and cytochrome c (CcP) peroxidases were, for example, first identified in 1903 (Bach and Chodat, 1903) and 1940 (Altschul et al., 1940) respectively. The APX area was reviewed by Dalton in 1991 (Dalton, 1991): at that time, there was very little detailed kinetic, spectroscopic or functional information available and no structural information had been published. Since 1991, there have been some major advances in the field, most notably with the publication, in 1995, of the first crystal structure for an APX enzyme (Patterson and Poulos, 1995). This information, together with the availability of new recombinant expression systems (Yoshimura et al., 1998; Caldwell et al., 1998; Dalton et al., 1996; Patterson and Poulos, 1994), served as a catalyst for the publication of new functional and spectroscopic data and has meant these data could be sensibly rationalized at the molecular level. The aim of this review is to summarize the more recent advances in the APX area and, as far as possible, to draw comparisons with other, more well-characterized peroxidases. The review will concentrate on the ways in which structural, spectroscopic and mechanistic information have been used in a complementary way to provide a more detailed picture of APX catalysis. The more biological and physiological aspects of APX enzymes have been previously covered in a comprehensive manner (Dalton, 1991) and will not, therefore, be dealt with in detail here.

PMID:
11192727
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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