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Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Nov 10;120(27):3305-9.

[Physical activity and respiratory tract diseases asthma and allergy].

[Article in Norwegian]

Author information

  • 1Voksentoppen senter for barn med astma, allergi og kroniske lungesykdommer, Ullveien 14 0791 Oslo. k.h.carlsen@usit.uio.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This article presents a review of the relationship between physical training and airways diseases: the relationship between physical activity and the development of airways diseases, and the effect of physical training in rehabilitation after airways diseases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The article is a systematic review of exercise-induced asthma (EIA), the effect of physical training upon bronchial hyperresponsiveness and the development of asthma; how chronic lung diseases affect the ability to participate in physical activity; and the use of physical training in rehabilitation after airways diseases.

RESULTS AND INTERPRETATION:

Physical training may provoke EIA in asthmatic patients. Furthermore, heavy regular training over long periods of time may contribute to the development of asthma. Mastering EIA is an important goal in the management of asthma, especially in children and adolescents, in order to foster normal physical and mental development. Physical training improves fitness and the mastering of asthma, but not of bronchial hyperresponsiveness and asthma activity. In other airways disorders like cystic fibrosis or chronic obstructive lung disease, a reduced lung function may limit the ability to participate in physical activity. Training is an important tool in the rehabilitation of patients with pulmonary disorders as it improves physical fitness and quality of life.

PMID:
11187176
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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