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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2001 Mar;90(3):1102-10.

Short-term exercise training increases ACh-induced relaxation and eNOS protein in porcine pulmonary arteries.

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  • 1Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA.


We tested the hypothesis that short-term exercise (STEx) training and the associated increase in pulmonary blood flow during bouts of exercise cause enhanced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in porcine pulmonary arteries and increased expression of endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1) protein. Mature, female Yucatan miniature swine exercised 1 h twice daily on a motorized treadmill for 1 wk (STEx group, n = 7); control pigs (Sed, n = 6) were kept in pens. Pulmonary arteries were isolated from the left caudal lung lobe, and vasomotor responses were determined in vitro. Arterial tissue from the distal portion of this pulmonary artery was processed for immunoblot analysis. Maximal endothelium-dependent (ACh-stimulated) relaxation was greater in STEx (71 +/- 5%) than in Sed (44 +/- 6%) arteries (P < 0.05), and endothelium-independent (sodium nitroprusside-mediated) responses did not differ. Sensitivity to ACh was not altered by STEx training. Immunoblot analysis indicated a 3.9-fold increase in eNOS protein in pulmonary artery tissue from STEx pigs (P < 0.05) with no change in SOD-1 or glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase protein levels. We conclude that STEx training enhances ACh-stimulated vasorelaxation in pulmonary arterial tissue and that this adaptation is associated with increased expression of eNOS protein.

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