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Gene. 2001 Jan 10;262(1-2):81-8.

Multiple variants of receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase beta are expressed in the central nervous system of Xenopus.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Japan Women's University, 112-8681, Tokyo, Japan.


We have isolated cDNA clones encoding the Xenopus homologue of receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase beta (RPTPbeta), and identified 13 forms of the mRNA provably generated by alternative splicing. All the conceptual translates have a carbonic anhydrase-like domain, a fibronectin type III-like repeat and a spacer in the extracellular segment. Eleven of them (designated XRPTPbeta.1-XRPTPbeta.11) also have highly conserved two intracellular PTP domains, whereas the other two variants (sXRPTPbeta.1 and sXRPTPbeta.2) have neither transmembrane nor cytoplasmic segment. There are five peptides that can be inserted in various combinations into the spacer region. Northern and Western blot analyses show central nervous system-specific expression of the XRPTPbeta mRNAs and proteins. Chondroitinase ABC treatment of the brain and spinal cord extracts results in separation of six protein bands on the Western blot, in association with a decrease in the size of major bands, indicating that the major XRPTPbeta variants are chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans. The results of these as well as reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction analyses suggest that the amounts of different XRPTPbeta variants are regulated in tissue- and developmental stage-specific manners.

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