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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2001 Mar;280(3):C581-92.

Serotonin-elicited inhibition of Cl(-) secretion in the rabbit conjunctival epithelium.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA. larry.alvarez@mssm.edu

Abstract

The effects of serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] on the transepithelial electrical properties of the short-circuited rabbit conjunctiva were examined. With this epithelium, the short-circuit current (I(sc)) measures Cl(-) secretion plus an amiloride-resistant Na(+) absorptive process. Apical addition of 5-HT (10 microM) elicited a prompt I(sc) reduction from 14.2 +/- 1.2 to 10.9 +/- 1.2 microA/cm(2) and increased transepithelial resistance from 0.89 +/- 0.05 to 1.03 +/- 0.06 kOmega. cm(2) (means +/- SE, n = 21, P<0.05). Similar changes were obtained with conjunctivae bathed without Na(+) in the apical bath, as well as with conjunctivae preexposed to bumetanide with the Cl(-)-dependent I(sc) sustained by the parallel activities of basolateral Na(+)/H(+) and Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchangers. In contrast, the 5-HT-evoked effects were attenuated by the absence of Cl(-) (DeltaI(sc) = -0.5 +/- 0.2, n = 5), suggesting that reduced Cl(-) conductance(s) is an effect of 5-HT exposure. In amphotericin B-treated conjunctiva and in the presence of a transepithelial K(+) gradient, 5-HT addition reduced K(+) diffusion across the preparation by 13% and increased transepithelial resistance by 4% (n = 6, P < 0.05), indicating that an inhibition in K(+) conductance(s) was also detectable. Significant electrical responses also occurred under physiological conditions when 5-HT was introduced to epithelia pretreated with adrenergic agonists or protein kinase C, phospholipase C, phosphodiesterase, or adenylyl cyclase inhibitors or after perturbation of Ca(2+) homeostasis. Briefly, the conjunctiva harbors the only known Cl(-)-secreting epithelium in which 5-HT evokes Cl(-) transport inhibition; receptor subtype and signal transduction mechanism were not determined.

PMID:
11171578
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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