Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Insect Physiol. 2001 Apr;47(4-5):455-64.

Olfactory receptors on the antennae of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae are sensitive to ammonia and other sweat-borne components.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, PO Box 8031, 6700 EH, Wageningen, The Netherlands


Electrophysiological studies on female An. gambiae s.s. mosquitoes revealed a receptor neuron within a subpopulation of the antennal grooved-peg sensilla sensitive to the odour of incubated sweat, but not responding to fresh sweat. This receptor neuron was sensitive to ammonia as well, a sweat-borne component which attracts female An. gambiae in a windtunnel bioassay. Neurons innervating a different subpopulation of grooved-peg sensilla did not show a response to incubated sweat. In the latter sensilla, however, one type of neuron responded to water or water containing solutions, while another receptor neuron was inhibited when stimulated with dry air, ether or ethanol. Neurons innervating sensilla trichodea, a more abundant antennal type of olfactory sensillum, did not respond to fresh or incubated sweat at the doses offered. However, receptor neurons within the sensilla trichodea responded with excitation to several sweat-borne components. A subpopulation of the sensilla trichodea was innervated by neurons sensitive to geranyl acetone. A second subpopulation housed receptor neurons sensitive to indole. 3-Methyl-1-butanol and 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one evoked excitation of receptor neurons within both subpopulations of sensilla trichodea. Neurons were most sensitive to indole and geranyl acetone with a threshold of 0.01%. These findings are discussed in the context of host-seeking behaviour.

[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk