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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jan 26;280(3):824-30.

Hemoglobin increases endothelin-1 in endothelial cells by decreasing nitric oxide.

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  • 1Section of Neurosurgery, University of Chicago Medical Center, Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.


We determined whether ferrous hemoglobin increases endothelin-1 (ET-1) secretion from bovine cerebral artery endothelial cells and the mechanisms involved. Exposure of endothelial cells to hemoglobin caused dose-dependent increases in pre-proET-1 mRNA and peptide. The increase in ET-1 peptide was inhibited by cycloheximide or actinomycin D whereas only cycloheximide decreased basal ET-1 release. N(G)-nitro-l-arginine significantly increased ET-1 concentration and reduced hemoglobin stimulation of ET-1 release. 8-Bromo-cGMP did not alter basal ET-1 concentration but suppressed hemoglobin-induced ET-1 production. Methemoglobin and S-nitrosylated methemoglobin were less potent inducers of ET-1 release. In summary, hemoglobin increases ET-1 in cerebral endothelial cells by mechanisms that involve transcription and translation. Nitric oxide production inhibits ET-1 production. Ferrous hemoglobin increases ET-1 by binding nitric oxide and abolishing this inhibitory pathway although other mechanisms are involved since N(G)-nitro-l-arginine reduces hemoglobin-induced ET-1 release.

Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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