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Thromboxane-B2, prostaglandin-E2 and hypertension in the rat 2-kidney 1-clip model: a possible mechanism of the garlic induced hypotension.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5969, Al-Safat 13060, Kuwait.


Serum collected from unilaterally clipped and unclipped rats before and after treatment with water, garlic or cilazapril and subsequent to measuring blood pressure was assayed for thromboxane-B2 and prostaglandin-E2. The unclipped rats' thromboxane-B2 and prostaglandin-E2 levels were about 23 ng/ml and 2 ng/ml, respectively, and blood pressure was 126+/-3 mmHg. These values were not affected by either water or garlic administration. The clipped rats' thromboxane-B2 and prostaglandin-E2 concentrations were close to 34 ng/ml and 4 ng/ml, respectively, and declined only in response to garlic (by 15 ng/ml and 3 ng/ml) and cilazapril (by 12 ng/ml and 1.5 ng/ml). The blood pressure of these rats was 196+/-7 mmHg and again was reduced only by garlic to 169+/-14 mmHg and cilazapril to 137+/-5 mmHg. The no-treatment and water-treatment readings were significantly higher in the clipped rats. The data suggest that prostanoid system activity in the 2-kidney 1-clip rat is enhanced and mostly toward maintaining the hypertension. Furthermore, the blood pressure lowering effects of garlic and cilazapril might have been induced partially by a greater reduction in the synthesis of vasoconstrictor prostanoids.

Copyright 2001 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

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