Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2001 Feb 15;166(4):2553-61.

Cloning of human preprotachykinin-I promoter and the role of cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate response elements in its expression by IL-1 and stem cell factor.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine-Hematology/Oncology, Graduate School of Biomedical Science, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.


Preprotachykinin-I gene (PPT-I) encodes several peptides with organ-specific functions that link the neuroendocrine-immune-hemopoietic axis. We cloned upstream of the initiation site of human PPT-I promoter and identified consensus sequences for two cAMP response elements (CRE). PPT-I is induced by cytokines including those that signal through the cAMP pathway. Therefore, we studied the role of the two CRE in IL-1alpha and stem cell factor (SCF) stimulation of bone marrow stroma because both cytokines induce endogenous PPT-I in these cells and activate the cAMP pathway. Furthermore, bone marrow stroma expresses the transcription factors regulated by the cAMP pathways such as the repressor (ICERIIgamma) and activator (CREMtau). Mutagenesis of the two CRE and/or cotransfection with vectors that express ICERIIgamma or CREMtau indicated that the two CRE have major roles in PPT-I expression. The two CRE are also required for optimal promoter activity by SCF and IL-1alpha. A particular cytokine could concomitantly induce PPT-I and the high affinity G protein-coupled receptor for PPT-I peptides, NK-1R. We showed that SCF, a representative cytokine, induced PPT-I and NK-1R leading to autocrine and/or paracrine cell activation. Because NK-1R activates cAMP through the G protein, the results suggest that the presence of CRE sequences within PPT-I promoter could be important in the regulation of PPT-I expression by cytokines, irrespective of their ability to signal through cAMP. As PPT-I is implicated in hemopoietic regulation, immune responses, breast cancer, and other neural functions, these studies add to the basic biology of these processes and could provide targets for drug development.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk