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J Immunol. 2001 Feb 15;166(4):2291-5.

Distinct CpG DNA and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid double-stranded RNA, respectively, stimulate CD11c- type 2 dendritic cell precursors and CD11c+ dendritic cells to produce type I IFN.

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  • 1Department of Immunobiology, DNAX Research Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. kadowaki@kuhp.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Two classes of nucleic acids, bacterial DNA containing unmethylated CpG motifs and dsRNA in viruses, induce the production of type I IFN that contributes to the immunostimulatory effects of these microbial molecules. Thus, it is important to determine which cells produce type I IFN in response to CpG DNA and dsRNA. CD4(+)CD11c(-) type 2 dendritic cell precursors (pre-DC2) were identified as the main producers of type I IFN in human blood in response to viruses. Here we asked whether pre-DC2 also produce type I IFN in response to CpG DNA and dsRNA. Oligodeoxynucleotides containing particular palindromic CpG motifs induced pre-DC2, but not CD11c(+) blood DC or monocytes, to produce IFN-alpha. In contrast, a synthetic dsRNA, polyinosinic polycytidylic-acid, induced CD11c(+) DC, but not pre-DC2 or monocytes, to produce IFN-alphabeta. These data indicate that CpG DNA and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid stimulate different types of cells to produce type I IFN and that it is important to select oligodeoxynucleotides containing particular CpG motifs to induce pre-DC2 to produce type I IFN, which may play a key role in the strong adjuvant effects of CpG DNA.

PMID:
11160284
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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