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Cancer Res. 2000 Dec 15;60(24):6846-50.

15-Lipoxygenase-1 mediates nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced apoptosis independently of cyclooxygenase-2 in colon cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Cancer Prevention, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030-4095, USA.


We previously found (I. Shureiqi et al., Carcinogenesis (Lond.), 20: 1985-1995, 1999; I. Shureiqi et al, J. Natl. Cancer Inst., 92: 1136-1142, 2000) that (a) 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) protein and its product 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-S-HODE) are decreased; and (b) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced 15-LOX-1 expression is critical to NSAID-induced apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells expressing cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). We used the NSAIDs sulindac sulfone (COX-2-independent) and NS-398 (a COX-2 inhibitor) to assess NSAID upregulation of 15-LOX-1 in relation to COX-2 inhibition during NSAID-induced apoptosis in the DLD-1 (COX-2-negative) colon cancer cell line. We found that: (a) NSAIDs up-regulated 15-LOX-1, which preceded apoptosis; and (b) 15-LOX-1 inhibition blocked NSAID-induced apoptosis, which was restored by 13-S-HODE but not by its parent, linoleic acid. NSAIDs can induce apoptosis in colon cancer cells via up-regulation of 15-LOX-1 in the absence of COX-2.

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