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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2000 Nov;50 Pt 6:2207-23.

Taxonomic characterization of Ochrobactrum sp. isolates from soil samples and wheat roots, and description of Ochrobactrum tritici sp. nov. and Ochrobactrum grignonense sp. nov.

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  • 1DSV-DEVM, Laboratoire d'Ecologie Microbienne de la Rhizosphère, UMR163 CNRS-CEA, CEA Cadarache, St Paul lèz Durance, France. lebuhn@gsf.de

Abstract

A large collection of bacterial strains, immunotrapped from soil and from the wheat rhizoplane, was subjected to polyphasic taxonomy by examining various pheno- and genotypic parameters. Strains were grouped on (inter) repetitive extragenic palindromic DNA (REP) PCR profiles at the intraspecies level. Pheno- and genotypic characters were assessed for representatives from 13 different REP groups. Strains of nine REP groups constituting two physiological BIOLOG clusters fell in the coherent DNA-DNA reassociation group of Ochrobactrum anthropi. Strains of two REP groups constituting a separate BIOLOG cluster fell in the coherent DNA-DNA reassociation group of Ochrobactrum intermedium. Additional phenotypic characters differentiating O. anthropi and O. intermedium were found. REP group K strains constituted a different BIOLOG cluster, a separate DNA-DNA reassociation group and a distinct phylogenetic lineage in 165 rDNA homology analysis, indicating that REP group K strains represent a new species. Diagnostic phenotypic characters were found. Closest relatives were Ochrobactrum species. The name Ochrobactrum grignonense sp. nov. is proposed (type strain OgA9aT = LMG 18954T = DSM 13338T). REP group J strains again constituted a different BIOLOG cluster, a separate DNA-DNA reassociation group and showed, as a biological particularity, a strict preference for the rhizoplane as habitat. Diagnostic phenotypic characters were found. This indicated that REP group J strains represent a further new species, although phylogenetic analyses using 16S rDNA homology were not able to separate the cluster of REP group J sequences significantly from 16S rDNA sequences of Ochrobactrum anthropi. The name Ochrobactrum tritici sp. nov. is proposed (type strain SCII24T = LMG 18957T = DSM 13340T).

PMID:
11155998
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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