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Annu Rev Psychol. 2001;52:397-422.

Job burnout.

Author information

  • 1Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-1650, USA. maslach@socrates.berkeley.edu

Abstract

Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job, and is defined by the three dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy. The past 25 years of research has established the complexity of the construct, and places the individual stress experience within a larger organizational context of people's relation to their work. Recently, the work on burnout has expanded internationally and has led to new conceptual models. The focus on engagement, the positive antithesis of burnout, promises to yield new perspectives on interventions to alleviate burnout. The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being.

PMID:
11148311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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