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Am J Ind Med. 2001 Jan;39(1):92-9.

Occupational exposure to pesticides and pancreatic cancer.

Author information

  • 1Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. jib@exchange.nih.gov

Erratum in

  • Am J Ind Med 2001 Aug;40(2):225-6.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An increased risk of exposure to pesticides for pancreatic cancer has been suggested in a number of epidemiologic studies.

METHODS:

Cases (N = 484), aged 30-79 years, were diagnosed in 1986-1989. Controls (N = 2,095) were a random sample of the general population. Information on usual occupation and potential confounding factors was obtained. A job-exposure matrix (JEM) approach was used to estimate the level of occupational exposure to pesticides.

RESULTS:

A significant trend in risk with increasing exposure level of pesticides was observed, with ORs of 1.3 and 1.4 for low and moderate/high exposure levels, respectively. Excess risks were found for occupational exposure to fungicides (OR = 1.5) and herbicides (OR = 1.6) in the moderate/high level after adjustment for potential confounding factors. An increased risk for insecticide exposure was disappeared after adjustment for fungicide and herbicide exposures. Results of our occupation-based analysis were consistent with those from the JEM-based analysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that pesticides may increase risk of pancreatic cancer, and indicate the need for investigations that can evaluate risk by specific chemical exposures. Published 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
11148019
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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