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J Neurosurg. 2001 Jan;94(1 Suppl):68-75.

Distribution of genes for bone morphogenetic protein-4, -6, growth differentiation factor-5, and bone morphogenetic protein receptors in the process of experimental spondylosis in mice.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan.



Because little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the process of spondylosis, the authors examined the extent of genetic localization of several members of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and BMP receptors in chondrogenesis during the process of inducing spondylosis in their previously established experimental mice model.


Experimental spondylosis was induced in 5-week-old ICR mice. The cervical spine was harvested chronologically, and histological sections were prepared. Messenger RNA for BMP-4, growth and differentiation (GDF)-5, BMP-6, and BMP receptors (ALK-3, -6, and BMP-RII) was localized in the tissue sections by in situ hybridization. In the early stage, BMP-4-derived mRNA was localized mainly in cells in the anterior margin of the cervical discs, together with ALK-6 and BMP-RII mRNA. No GDF-5 and BMP-6 mRNA was detected at this stage. In the late stage, cells positive for BMP-4 decreased, whereas GDF-5 and BMP-6 mRNA were localized in cells undergoing chondrogenesis. The ALK-3 mRNA began to appear in this stage, as did ALK-6 and BMP-RII.


The localization of transcripts for BMP-4, -6, and GDF-5 as well as BMP receptors shown during the present experimental model indicate the possible involvement of molecular signaling by these BMPs in the chondrogenic progress in spondylosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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