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J Subst Abuse. 2000;11(4):369-78.

The reliability and validity of the inventory to diagnose depression in alcohol-dependent men and women.

Author information

  • 1Addiction Centre, Foothills Medical Centre, 1403 29 Street NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 2T9. dhodgins@ucalgary.ca

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study examined the reliability and validity of the Inventory to Diagnose Depression (IDD) in alcohol-dependent men and women. The IDD is a self-report instrument that provides a continuous score reflecting depression severity and a DSM-IV major depression diagnosis (MDD).

METHODS:

Participants (N = 57) were administered the IDD, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the mood module of the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM (SCID).

RESULTS:

Internal reliability and item-total correlations were generally good and the IDD severity score correlated highly with the BDI. The diagnostic performance of the IDD using the DSM-IV scoring algorithm was good overall but excellent for currently abstinent participants and fair for participants who had recently consumed alcohol. The IDD cut-off score for identifying cases of depression appears stringent compared to the BDI and SCID.

IMPLICATIONS:

The present investigation provides some support for the use of the IDD with abstinent alcoholic outpatient samples when a self-report diagnostic instrument is desirable. For a current drinker, a positive IDD does not distinguish between an alcohol-induced depression and MDD.

PMID:
11147233
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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