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Diabetes Educ. 2000 Sep-Oct;26(5):796-805.

A diabetes management program for African American women with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. tkeyserling@med.unc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This paper describes a clinic- and community-based diabetes intervention program designed to improve dietary, physical activity, and self-care behaviors of older African American women with type 2 diabetes. It also describes the study to evaluate this program and baseline characteristics of participants.

METHODS:

The New Leaf ... Choices for Healthy Living With Diabetes program consists of 4 clinic-based health counselor visits, a community intervention with 12 monthly phone calls from peer counselors, and 3 group sessions. A randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of this intervention is described.

RESULTS:

Seventeen focus groups of African American women were used to assessed the cultural relevance/acceptability of the intervention and measurement instruments. For the randomized trial, 200 African American women with type 2 diabetes were recruited from 7 practices in central North Carolina. Mean age was 59, mean diabetes duration was 10 years, and participants were markedly overweight and physically inactive.

CONCLUSIONS:

Participants found this program to be culturally relevant and acceptable. Its effects on diet, physical activity, and self-care behaviors will be assessed in a randomized trial.

PMID:
11140007
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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