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Blood. 2001 Jan 1;97(1):33-8.

The interaction between Cdc42 and WASP is required for SDF-1-induced T-lymphocyte chemotaxis.

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  • 1INSERM U362, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif Cedex, France.


In studies aimed at further characterizing the cellular immunodeficiency of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), we found that T lymphocytes from WAS patients display abnormal chemotaxis in response to the T-cell chemoattractant stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1. The Wiskott- Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), together with the Rho family GTPase Cdc42, control stimulus-induced actin cytoskeleton rearrangements that are involved in cell motility. Because WASP is an effector of Cdc42, we further studied how Cdc42 and WASP are involved in SDF-1-induced chemotaxis of T lymphocytes. We provide here direct evidence that SDF-1 activates Cdc42. We then specifically investigated the role of the interaction between Cdc42 and WASP in SDF-1-responsive cells. This was achieved by abrogating this interaction with a recombinant polypeptide (TAT-CRIB), comprising the Cdc42/Rac interactive binding (CRIB) domain of WASP and a human immunodeficiency virus-TAT peptide that renders the fusion protein cell-permeant. This TAT-CRIB protein was shown to bind specifically to Cdc42-GTP and to inhibit the chemotactic response of a T-cell line to SDF-1. Altogether, these data demonstrate that Cdc42-WASP interaction is critical for SDF-1-induced chemotaxis of T cells.

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