Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Psychol Addict Behav. 2000 Dec;14(4):376-89.

A multivariate process model of adolescent 12-step attendance and substance use outcome following inpatient treatment.

Author information

  • 1Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, University of California, San Diego, and Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, USA.

Abstract

A common recommendation for youth treated for substance abuse is to attend 12-step groups. However, little is known regarding the effects of this adult-derived prescription on substance use outcomes for teens. This study examined (a) the relation between 12-step attendance and substance use outcome in the 6 months postdischarge from inpatient care and (b) a process model of how 12-step attendance during the first 3 months postdischarge affects proximal outcomes of motivation, coping, and self-efficacy, measured at 3 months, and how these, in turn, affect ultimate substance use outcome in the following 3 months. Adolescent inpatients (N = 99) were assessed during treatment and 3 and 6 months postdischarge. Results revealed modest beneficial effects of 12-step attendance, which were mediated by motivation but not by coping or self-efficacy. Findings suggest that closer attention be paid to motivational factors in the treatment of adolescent substance abuse.

PMID:
11130156
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1945122
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (2)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Psychological Association Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk