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Bioelectrochemistry. 2000 Dec;52(2):203-11.

Torocyte shapes of red blood cell daughter vesicles.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Applied Physics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. ales.iglic@fe.uni-lj.si


The shape of the newly described torocyte red blood cell endovesicles induced by octaethyleneglycol dodecylether (C12E8) is characterized. A possible explanation for the origin and stability of the observed torocyte endovesicles is suggested. Three partly complementary mechanisms are outlined, all originating from the interaction of C12E8 molecules with the membrane. The first is a preferential intercalation of the C12E8 molecule into the inner membrane layer, resulting in a membrane invagination which may finally close, forming an inside-out endovesicle. The second is a preference of the C12E8-induced membrane inclusions (clusters) for small local curvature which would favour torocyte endovesicle shape with large regions of small or even negative membrane mean curvatures, the C12E8 membrane inclusion being defined as a complex composed of the embedded C12E8 molecule and some adjacent phospholipid molecules which are significantly distorted due to the presence of the embedded C12E8 molecule. The preference of the C12E8 inclusions for zero or negative local curvature may also lead to the nonhomogeneous lateral distribution of the C12E8 inclusions resulting in their accumulation in the membrane of torocyte endovesicles. The third possible mechanism is orientational ordering of the C12E8-induced inclusions in the regions of torocyte endovesicles with high local membrane curvature deviator.

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