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Clin Rehabil. 2000 Dec;14(6):574-83.

Rehabilitation at home after stroke: a descriptive study of an individualized intervention.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Occupational Therapy and Elderly Care Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.



To describe the content of a programme involving early hospital discharge and continued rehabilitation at home after stroke.


Quantitative and qualitative descriptive study of an intervention within the context of a randomized controlled trial.


Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Forty-one patients, moderately impaired after stroke, rehabilitated by a team of six occupational, physical, and speech and language therapists.


The average duration of the programme was 14 weeks, the mean number of home visits 12, and the median total time consumption 23 hours and 20 minutes, of which face-to-face contact with the patient constituted 54%. The rehabilitation process was pursued by the patient and the therapist in partnership. Supported by the team the therapists incorporated a wider domain of activities than usual and left a considerable amount of the training to self-directed activities. The most common foci of the visits were speech and communication, ADL activities and ambulation. When planning the intervention the therapists paid attention to discrepancies between the desires and abilities of the patient on the one hand and environmental demands on the other - discrepancies detected through observation of the patient in the home environment.


The home environment offers therapists working in a team opportunities to adopt a behaviour that enables patients with moderate neurological impairments after stroke to resume responsibility and influence over their rehabilitation process, resulting in an individualized rehabilitation programme that varies in duration, content and frequency of home visits.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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