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J Neurosci. 2000 Dec 15;20(24):9235-41.

NBQX attenuates excitotoxic injury in developing white matter.

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  • 1Department of Neurology and Program in Neuroscience, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Neurosci 2001 Mar 1;21(5):1a.

Abstract

The excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate is released from axons and glia under hypoxic/ischemic conditions. In vitro, oligodendrocytes (OLs) express non-NMDA glutamate receptors (GluRs) and are susceptible to GluR-mediated excitotoxicity. We evaluated the role of GluR-mediated OL excitotoxicity in hypoxic/ischemic white matter injury in the developing brain. Hypoxic/ischemic white matter injury is thought to mediate periventricular leukomalacia, an age-dependent white matter lesion seen in preterm infants and a common antecedent to cerebral palsy. Hypoxia/ischemia in rat pups at postnatal day 7 (P7) produced selective white matter lesions and OL death. Furthermore, OLs in pericallosal white matter express non-NMDA GluRs at P7. Unilateral carotid ligation in combination with hypoxia (6% O(2) for 1 hr) resulted in selective, subcortical white matter injury with a marked ipsilateral decrease in immature and myelin basic protein-expressing OLs that was also significantly attenuated by 6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo(f)quinoxaline-2,3-dione (NBQX). Intracerebral AMPA demonstrated greater susceptibility to OL injury at P7 than in younger or older pups, and this was attenuated by systemic pretreatment with the AMPA antagonist NBQX. These results indicate a parallel, maturation-dependent susceptibility of immature OLs to AMPA and hypoxia/ischemia. The protective efficacy of NBQX suggests a role for glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxic OL injury in immature white matter in vivo.

PMID:
11125001
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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