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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jan 2;98(1):241-6.

Costimulation via lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 in the absence of CD28 ligation promotes anergy of naive CD4+ T cells.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, IMM4, Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


The mechanisms controlling induction of anergy at the level of naive CD4+ T cells are poorly understood but thought to reflect limited contact with costimulatory molecules during T cell antigen receptor (TCR) ligation. To clarify this question, naive TCR transgenic CD4+ cells were exposed to specific peptide presented by transfected antigen-presenting cells (APC) expressing MHC class II molecules with defined accessory molecules. Significantly, culturing CD4(+) cells with APC expressing MHC II plus peptide alone elicited early TCR signaling but failed to induce either proliferation or anergy. Culture with APC expressing MHC II plus B7 molecules led to strong proliferation and T cell priming but no anergy. In marked contrast, conspicuous induction of anergy occurred after T cell culture with APC expressing MHC class II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Thus, at the level of naive CD4(+) cells, anergy induction appears to reflect selective contact with APC expressing ICAM-1 in the absence of B7.

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