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J Immunol. 2000 Dec 15;165(12):6783-90.

CD4+ Th1 and CD8+ type 1 cytotoxic T cells both play a crucial role in the full development of contact hypersensitivity.

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  • 1Division of Dermatology, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Science Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The role of CD4(+) vs CD8(+) T cells in contact hypersensitivity (CHS) remains controversial. In this study, we used gene knockout (KO) mice deficient in CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells to directly address this issue. Mice lacking either CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells demonstrated depressed CHS responses to dinitrofluorobenzene and oxazolone compared with wild-type C57BL/6 mice. The depression of CHS was more significant in CD8 KO mice than in CD4 KO mice. Furthermore, in vivo depletion of either CD8(+) T cells from CD4 KO mice or CD4(+) T cells from CD8 KO mice virtually abolished CHS responses. Lymph node cells (LNCs) from hapten-sensitized CD4 and CD8 KO mice showed a decreased capacity for transferring CHS. In vitro depletion of either CD4(+) T cells from CD8 KO LNCs or CD8(+) T cells from CD4 KO LNCs resulted in a complete loss of CHS transfer. LNCs from CD4 and CD8 KO mice produced significant amounts of IFN-gamma, indicating that both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells are able to secrete IFN-gamma. LNCs from CD8, but not CD4, KO mice were able to produce IL-4 and IL-10, suggesting that IL-4 and IL-10 are mainly derived from CD4(+) T cells. Intracellular cytokine staining of LNCs confirmed that IFN-gamma-positive cells consisted of CD4(+) (Th1) and CD8(+) (type 1 cytotoxic T) T cells, whereas IL-10-positive cells were exclusively CD4(+) (Th2) T cells. Collectively, these results suggest that both CD4(+) Th1 and CD8(+) type 1 cytotoxic T cells are crucial effector cells in CHS responses to dinitrofluorobenzene and oxazolone in C57BL/6 mice.

PMID:
11120799
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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