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Arch Fam Med. 2000 Nov-Dec;9(10):1124-34.

Rofecoxib, a new cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, shows sustained efficacy, comparable with other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a 6-week and a 1-year trial in patients with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Studies Group.

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  • 1Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Rofecoxib, a cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor (sometimes known as a specific cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor or Coxib), is used in osteoarthritis (OA). Published information indicates rofecoxib's improved gastrointestinal safety profile over nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs).

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rofecoxib in treating OA in 2 studies.

METHODS:

Two randomized, double-blind, parallel-group studies in patients with OA of the knee or hip were conducted using identical entry criteria and end points. A 6-week placebo-controlled trial in 736 patients compared 12.5 and 25 mg of rofecoxib once daily with 800 mg of ibuprofen 3 times daily, and a 1-year study compared 12.5 and 25 mg of rofecoxib once daily with 50 mg of diclofenac 3 times daily in 693 patients.

RESULTS:

Rofecoxib, at 12.5 and 25 mg, demonstrated efficacy clinically comparable with ibuprofen, assessed by 3 primary end points according to predefined comparability criteria. Both rofecoxib doses and ibuprofen provided significantly greater efficacy than placebo on all primary end points at 6 weeks. Both rofecoxib doses and diclofenac showed similar efficacy over 1 year. All treatments were well tolerated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rofecoxib is effective in treating OA with once-daily dosing for 6 weeks and 1 year. Rofecoxib was generally safe and well-tolerated in OA patients for 6 weeks and 1 year. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1124-1134

PMID:
11115219
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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