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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Dec 19;97(26):14778-83.

An alternative cytokinin biosynthesis pathway.

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  • 1Umeâ Plant Science Center, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-901083 Umeâ, Sweden.


Studies of de novo cytokinin biosynthesis in isopentenyltransferase (ipt)-transformed Arabidopsis thaliana, involving in vivo deuterium labeling and mass spectrometry, showed that the biosynthetic rate of zeatinriboside-5'-monophosphate was around 66-fold higher than that of isopentenyladenosine-5'-monophosphate (iPMP), the proposed primary product of the Agrobacterium ipt. Double tracer analysis, using [(2)H(6)] isopentenyladenosine and deuterium oxide, provided evidence for an alternative, iPMP-independent, biosynthetic pathway for zeatin-type cytokinins, present in both ipt-expressing and wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana. Reduction of the biosynthetic flux in the alternative pathway by use of mevastatin, an inhibitor for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase, indicated a terpenoid origin for the side-chain precursor of the iPMP independent pathway.

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