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Oncogene. 2000 Nov 9;19(47):5406-12.

MMAC1/PTEN inhibits cell growth and induces chemosensitivity to doxorubicin in human bladder cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Urology, The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


The development and progression of bladder cancer is associated with multiple alterations in the genome, including loss of chromosome 10. Recently, MMAC1/PTEN, a phosphatidylinositol phosphatase, has been mapped to chromosome 10q23. We previously demonstrated that MMAC1/PTEN has tumor suppressive properties in glioblastoma and prostate cancer. To investigate the efficacy of gene therapy with MMAC1/PTEN, we examined whether the exogenous introduction of MMAC1/PTEN via an adenoviral vector (Ad-MMAC) can inhibit tumor growth and reverse drug resistance to doxorubicin in human bladder cancer cells. Human bladder cancer cell lines UM-UC-3 and T24 were infected with Ad-MMAC to induce exogenous expression of MMAC1/PTEN. The cells were then analysed for cell growth and expression of phosphorylated protein kinase B (Akt/PKB) and MMAC1/PTEN. UM-UC-6dox, a doxorubicin resistant subline, was infected with Ad-MMAC to evaluate its role in reversing drug resistance to doxorubicin. We found that MMAC1/PTEN suppressed tumor growth in UM-UC-3 and T24 cells with arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. We also showed that gene therapy with MMAC1/PTEN abrogated phosphorylated Akt/PKB expression in UM-UC-3, T24 and UMUC-6dox cells, and restored doxorubicin sensitivity in UM-UC-6dox. These data demonstrate that MMAC1/PTEN can induce growth suppression and increase sensitivity to doxorubicin in bladder cancer cells and suggest that the MMAC1/PTEN gene and its pathways can be therapeutic targets for bladder cancer.

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