Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2000 Nov;68(5):495-500.

Rifampin decreases the plasma concentrations and effects of repaglinide.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the effects of rifampin (INN, rifampicin) on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repaglinide, a new short-acting antidiabetic drug.

METHODS:

In a randomized, two-phase crossover study, nine healthy volunteers were given a 5-day pretreatment with 600 mg rifampin or matched placebo once daily. On day 6 a single 0.5-mg dose of repaglinide was administered. Plasma repaglinide and blood glucose concentrations were measured up to 7 hours.

RESULTS:

Rifampin decreased the total area under the concentration-time curve of repaglinide by 57% (P < .001) and the peak plasma repaglinide concentration by 41% (P = .001). The elimination half-life of repaglinide was shortened from 1.5 to 1.1 hours (P < .01). The blood glucose decremental area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 3 hours was reduced from 0.94 to -0.23 mmol/L x h (P < .05), and the maximum decrease in blood glucose concentration from 1.6 to 1.0 mmol/L (P < .05) by rifampin.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rifampin considerably decreases the plasma concentrations of repaglinide and also reduces its effects. This interaction is probably caused by induction of the CYP3A4-mediated metabolism of repaglinide. It is probable that the effects of repaglinide are decreased during treatment with rifampin or other potent inducers of CYP3A4, such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, or St John's wort.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk