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Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Dec 1;409(1):45-55.

TC-2559: a novel orally active ligand selective at neuronal acetylcholine receptors.

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  • 1Targacept, Inc., Research and Development, BGTC Bldg. 611-1/ 212D, Winston-Salem, NC 27102, USA. Benchem@Targacept.com


TC-2559 [(E)-N-Methyl-4-[3-(5-ethoxypyridin)yl]-3-buten-1-amine] is a novel nicotinic agonist markedly more selective than recently reported novel nicotinic receptor ligands (selectivity ratio for central nervous system (CNS) to peripheral nervous system (PNS)>4000). TC-2559 competes effectively with [3H]-nicotine binding (K(i)=5 nM) but not with [125I]-bungarotoxin (>50,000 nM). Dopamine release from striatal synaptosomes and ion flux from thalamic synaptosomes indicate that TC-2559 is potent and efficacious in the activation of CNS receptors and significantly reduced glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in vitro. TC-2559 has no detectable effects on muscle and ganglion-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at concentrations up to 1 mM. TC-2559 significantly attenuates scopolamine-induced cognitive deficits in a step-through passive avoidance task. Acute and repeated oral dosing of TC-2559 enhances performance in a radial arm maze task. In contrast to the effects of equimolar concentrations of (-) nicotine, TC-2559 does not induce hypothermia and locomotor activity is not enhanced following repeated daily administration of 14 days. TC-2559 has a markedly enhanced CNS-PNS selectivity ratio and an intra-CNS selectivity as evidenced by the improved cognition without increased locomotor activity. The in vitro and in vivo studies in the present study suggest that TC-2559 has the desired profile to be further evaluated as a potential therapeutic agent for neurodegenerative diseases.

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