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Pediatrics. 2000 Dec;106(6):1466-9.

Reexamining the association between child access prevention gun laws and unintentional shooting deaths of children.

Author information

  • 1Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. dwebster@jhsph.edu

Abstract

CONTEXT:

A previous study estimated that child access prevention (CAP) laws, which hold adults criminally liable for unsafe firearm storage in the environment of children, were associated with a 23% decline in unintentional firearm mortality rates among children.

OBJECTIVE:

To reassess the effects of CAP laws and more fully examine the consistency of the estimated law effects across states.

DESIGN:

A pooled time-series study of unintentional firearm mortality among children from 1979 through 1997. Setting. The 50 states and the District of Columbia.

PARTICIPANTS:

All children <15 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Rates of unintentional deaths attributable to firearms.

RESULTS:

When the effects of all 15 state CAP laws enacted before 1998 were aggregated, the laws were associated with a 17% decline unintentional firearm death rates among children. The laws' effects were not equal across states. Florida's CAP law was associated with a 51% decline; however, there were no statistically significant aggregate or state-specific law effects in the other 14 states with CAP laws.

CONCLUSIONS:

Florida's CAP law-1 of only 3 such laws allowing felony prosecution of violators-appears to have significantly reduced unintentional firearm deaths to children. However, there is no evidence of effects in the other 14 states with CAP laws.

PMID:
11099605
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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