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Hum Mol Genet. 2000 Nov 22;9(19):2919-26.

Human CENP-H multimers colocalize with CENP-A and CENP-C at active centromere--kinetochore complexes.

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  • 1Tsukuba Life Science Center, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 3-1 Koyadai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0074, Japan.

Abstract

Centromere and kinetochore proteins have a pivotal role in centromere structure, kinetochore formation and sister chromatid separation. However, the molecular architecture and the precise dynamic function of the centromere-kinetochore complex during mitosis remain poorly understood. Here we report the isolation and characterization of human CENP-H. Confocal microscopic analyses of HeLa cells with anti-human CENP-H-specific antibody demonstrated that CENP-H colocalizes with inner kinetochore plate proteins CENP-A and CENP-C in both interphase and metaphase. CENP-H was present outside centromeric heterochromatin, where CENP-B is localized, and inside the kinetochore corona, where CENP-E is localized during prometaphase. Furthermore, CENP-H was detected at neocentromeres, but not at inactive centromeres in stable dicentric chromosomes. In vitro binding assays of human CENP-H with centromere-kinetochore proteins suggest that the CENP-H binds to itself and MCAK, but not to CENP-A, CENP-B or CENP-C. CENP-H multimers were observed in cells in which both FLAG-tagged CENP-H and hemagglutinin-tagged CENP-H were expressed. These results suggest that CENP-H multimers localize constitutively to the inner kinetochore plate and play an important fundamental role in organization and function of the active human centromere-kinetochore complex.

PMID:
11092768
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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