Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Clin J Sport Med. 2000 Oct;10(4):259-63.

Physical activity-related injuries in walkers and runners in the aerobics center longitudinal study.

Author information

  • 1Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the association between physical activity-related injuries and participation in walking versus running.

DESIGN:

Nested case-control study.

SETTING:

Cooper Clinic Preventive Medicine Center, Dallas. Texas.

PARTICIPANTS:

5,327 men and women undergoing exams between 1987 and 1995 and completing follow-up health history questionnaires in 1990 or 1995. Participants were classified as those reporting regular participation in walking or jogging/running at baseline. Those reporting both or neither activity were excluded from the study (n = 1404). Cases (698 men, 169 women) were those reporting physical activity-related injuries requiring physician visits in the previous year on the follow-up questionnaire. Controls (2,358 men, 698 women) were randomly selected from the remaining population.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Logistic regression was used to examine the risk of injury in walkers versus runners and risk of injury by exercise dose while considering age, body mass index, previous injury, and strength training.

RESULTS:

There was a significantly lower risk of injury for walkers compared with runners in young (<45 years old) (odds ratio [OR] = 0.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.58-0.97) and older (> or = 45 years) men (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.49-0.82), and a nonsignificantly lower risk among young (OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.39-1.37) and older women (OR = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.38-1.35). There was no effect of greater amounts of walking on injuries for either gender; however, there was a higher injury risk associated with running 15-30 min/day (OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.07-1.73) and 30+ min/day (OR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.14-2.04) compared with <15 min/day among men, but not among women.

CONCLUSIONS:

This low risk of musculoskeletal injury suggests that participation in walking can be safely recommended as a way to improve health and fitness.

PMID:
11086751
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk