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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 Dec;295(3):967-71.

Pharmacological profile of recombinant, human activated protein C (LY203638) in a canine model of coronary artery thrombosis.

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  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285-0524, USA.

Abstract

The antithrombotic activity of recombinant, human activated protein C (rh-APC, LY203638) was examined in a model of canine coronary artery thrombosis. Three doses of rh-APC (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/kg/h) were administered intravenously for 2 h. Whole blood clotting times (thrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time), ex vivo platelet aggregation, and template bleeding times were determined. Activated partial thromboplastin time significantly increased 2- and 3.7-fold during the 2-h infusion of rh-APC (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg/h, respectively); thrombin time did not change. Intravenous infusions of rh-APC (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg/h) produced significant prolongations to occlusion, 186 +/- 21 and 190 +/- 22 min, respectively, compared with the vehicle and the 0.5 mg/kg/h group (86 +/- 12 and 93 +/- 17 min, respectively). Vessel patency was better at the end of the experiment in the intermediate- and high-dose groups (3 of 6 and 3 of 5 vessels, 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg/h, respectively) compared with the vehicle and 0.5 mg/kg/h groups (0/5 and 0/6, respectively). Only the 1.0 mg/kg/h group was found to have significantly elevated template bleeding times, with peak increases seen 60 min into the drug infusion. All groups had returned to baseline values by the end of the study. There was no observed inhibition of platelet aggregation. These data demonstrate that recombinant, human activated protein C is an effective anticoagulant and antithrombotic agent in the dog.

PMID:
11082430
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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