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Structure. 2000 Nov 15;8(11):1215-26.

A duplicated fold is the structural basis for polynucleotide phosphorylase catalytic activity, processivity, and regulation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. mfs@mole.bio.cam.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) is a polyribonucleotide nucleotidyl transferase (E.C.2.7.7.8) that degrades mRNA in prokaryotes. Streptomyces antibioticus PNPase also assays as a guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5'-triphosphate (pppGpp) synthetase (E.C.2.7.6.5). It may function to coordinate changes in mRNA lifetimes with pppGpp levels during the Streptomyces lifecycle.

RESULTS:

The structure of S. antibioticus PNPase without bound RNA but with the phosphate analog tungstate bound at the PNPase catalytic sites was determined by X-ray crystallography and shows a trimeric multidomain protein with a central channel. The structural core has a novel duplicated architecture formed by association of two homologous domains. The tungstate derivative structure reveals the PNPase active site in the second of these core domains. Structure-based sequence analysis suggests that the pppGpp synthetase active site is located in the first core domain.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first structure of a PNPase and shows the structural basis for the trimer assembly, the arrangement of accessory RNA binding domains, and the likely catalytic residues of the PNPase active site. A possible function of the trimer channel is as a contribution to both the processivity of degradation and the regulation of PNPase action by RNA structural elements.

PMID:
11080643
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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