Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2000 Nov;36(5 Suppl 1):S292-6.

Effects of endothelin receptor antagonists on the plasma immunoreactive endothelin-1 level.

Author information

  • 1Pharmaceutical Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Ilinois 95054, USA.

Abstract

Endothelin (ET) receptor antagonists may be beneficial for treating several medical conditions. Human trials with various ET receptor antagonists show that these antagonists elevate the plasma immunoreactive endothelin-1 (irET-1) level, and different classes of antagonists seem to affect the plasma ET-1 level differently. In this report, we study effects of ETA-selective, ETB-selective, and nonselective receptor antagonists on the plasma irET-1 level in the rat, and also compare available clinical data. The plasma irET-1 level was increased by five- and ten-fold after rats were treated with A-192621, an ETB-selective antagonist with Ki values for ETA and ETB at 5600 and 8.8 nM, for 3 days at 30 and 100 mg/kg/day via food. The plasma irET-1 level was increased by 1.8 and 2.4-fold when rats were treated with A-216546, an antagonist with Ki values for ETA and ETB at 0.46 and 13 000 nM, at 10 and 50 mg/kg/day via food for 7 days. As a comparison, the plasma irET-1 level was increased by > 24-fold when rats were treated with A-182086, a nonselective antagonist with Ki values for ETA and ETB at 0.2 and 1.2 nM, at 100 mg/kg/day via food for 9 days. In humans, blockade of ETA by ABT-627 did not result in an elevation in irET-1 until after 7 days of treatment. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the ETB-receptor is the clearance receptor for ET-1. Our data also suggest that the modest effect of ETA antagonists on the plasma irET-1 level is probably a result of the upregulation of the ET-1 gene via a feedback mechanism.

PMID:
11078402
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk