Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurology. 2000 Oct 24;55(8):1096-1100.

Panayiotopoulos-type benign childhood occipital epilepsy: a prospective study.

Author information

  • 1Hospital Nacional de Pediatria Juan P. Garrahan, Buenos Aires, Argentina. rcaraballo@janssen.com.ar

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize the clinical and EEG features of the syndrome of benign childhood partial seizures with ictal vomiting and EEG occipital spikes (Panayiotopoulos syndrome [PS]).

METHODS:

Prospective study of children with normal general and neurologic examinations who had seizures with ictal vomiting and EEG with occipital spikes.

RESULTS:

From February 1990 to 1997, the authors found 66 patients with PS and 145 children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. Peak age at onset of PS was 5 years. Ictal deviation of the eyes and progression to generalized seizures were common. One-third had partial status epilepticus. During sleep, all had seizures. While awake, one-third also had seizures. Five children with PS had concurrent symptoms of rolandic epilepsy and another five developed rolandic seizures after remission of PS. Prognosis was excellent: one-third had a single seizure, one-half had two to five seizures, and only 4.5% had frequent seizures.

CONCLUSIONS:

Panayiotopoulos-type benign childhood occipital epilepsy is less common than benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes but is well defined and recognizable by clinical and EEG features.

Comment in

PMID:
11071484
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk