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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Nov 7;97(23):12547-52.

MDM2 inhibits p300-mediated p53 acetylation and activation by forming a ternary complex with the two proteins.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oregon Health Sciences University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97201, USA.


p300 acetylates and activates the tumor suppressor p53 after DNA damage. Here, we show that MDM2, a negative-feedback regulator of p53, inhibited p300-mediated p53 acetylation by complexing with these two proteins. First, we purified a p300-MDM2-p53 protein complex from HeLa nuclear extracts, which was inactive in p53 acetylation, but active in histone acetylation. Also, wild-type, but not N-terminally deleted, MDM2 inhibited p53 acetylation by p300 in vitro and in vivo. This inhibition was specific for p53, because MDM2 did not affect acetylation of histones or the C terminus of p73 by p300. Consequently, wild-type, but not the mutant, MDM2 repressed the p300-stimulated sequence-specific DNA-binding and transcriptional activities of p53. These results demonstrate that an additional mechanism of p53 inactivation by MDM2 is to inhibit p53 acetylation by p300.

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