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Horm Metab Res. 2000 Oct;32(10):386-9.

Diabetes affects phospholipid content in the nuclei of the rat liver.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Medical Academy of Bialystok, Poland.


The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of acute streptozotocin diabetes on the content of different phospholipids and the incorporation of blood-borne 14C-palmitic acid into the phospholipid moieties in the rat liver nuclei. Diabetes was produced by intravenous administration of streptozotocin, and determinations were carried out two and seven days thereafter. Phospholipids were extracted from isolated nuclei and separated into the following fractions: sphingomyelin, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and cardiolipin. Following that, they were quantified and radioactivity was measured. It was found that, in comparison to non-diabetic controls, two-day diabetes reduced the total content of phospholipids in the nuclei by 9.6%. The content of phospholipids in the nuclei by 9.6%. The content of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine was reduced and the content of the remaining phospholipids was stable. The specific activity of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine and cardiolipin, based on radioactivity incorporated from 14C-palmitic acid, was elevated. Seven-day diabetes resulted in a reduction of the total phospholipid content in the nuclei by 39.4%. This was accounted for by a reduction in the content of each phospholipid fraction with the exception of cardiolipin. The specific activity of each phospholipid fraction, was elevated in this group. It is concluded that insulin is involved in the regulation of the nuclear phospholipid content.

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