Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurophysiol. 2000 Nov;84(5):2356-64.

Cannabinoid and kappa opioid receptors reduce potassium K current via activation of G(s) proteins in cultured hippocampal neurons.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA.


The current study showed that potassium K current (I(K)), which is evoked at depolarizing potentials between -30 and +40 mV in cultured hippocampal neurons, was significantly reduced by exposure to the CB1 cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN-2). WIN-2 (20-40 nM) produced an average 45% decrease in I(K) amplitude across all voltage steps, which was prevented by SR141716A, the CB1 receptor antagonist. The cannabinoid receptor has previously been shown to be G(i/o) protein-linked to several cellular processes; however, the decrease in I(K) was unaffected by modulators of G(i/o) proteins and agents that alter levels of protein kinase A. In contrast, CB1 receptor-mediated or direct activation of G(s) proteins with cholera toxin (CTX) produced the same decrease in I(K) amplitude as WIN-2, and the latter was blocked in CTX-treated cells. G(s) protein inhibition via GDPbetaS also eliminated the effects of WIN-2 on I(K). Consistent with this outcome, activation of protein kinase C (PKC) by arachidonic acid produced similar effects to WIN-2 and CTX. Kappa opioid receptor agonists, which also reduce I(K) amplitude via G(s) proteins, were compared with WIN-2 actions on I(K.) The kappa receptor agonist U50,488 reduced I(K) amplitude in the same manner as WIN-2, while the kappa receptor antagonist, nor-binaltorphimine, actually increased I(K) amplitude and significantly reduced the effect of co-administered WIN-2. The results indicate that CB1 and kappa receptor activation is additive with respect to I(K) amplitude, suggesting that CB1 and kappa receptors share a common G(s) protein signaling pathway involving PKC.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk