Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Nov 1;25(21):2777-83.

Retro-dental reactive lesions related to development of myelopathy in patients with atlantoaxial instability secondary to Os odontoideum.

Author information

  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Uijongbu St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

A retrospective analysis of 13 patients with atlantoaxial instability secondary to Os odontoideum who underwent posterior atlantoaxial fusion.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the relationships between the development of myelopathy and plain radiographic parameters in patients with atlantoaxial instability secondary to Os odontoideum and to determine whether the pathologic structures, which compress the spinal cord, are visualized using magnetic resonance imaging.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:

The development of myelopathy, which is the most serious complication associated with Os odontoideum, was thought to be related to either the degree of instability or direction of instability, or a decrease in the space available for the cord. However, such indirect radiographic parameters measured using plain radiographs cannot provide direct information concerning the causes of myelopathy in patients with atlantoaxial instability secondary to Os odontoideum.

METHODS:

Thirteen patients who underwent posterior atlantoaxial fusion for clinical symptoms due to Os odontoideum were classified into two groups depending on whether they had (n = 9) or did not have (n = 4) myelopathy. Four radiographic parameters were measured using flexion and extension lateral radiographs; the degree of instability, the direction of instability, and the space available for the cord in flexion and extension. MRI was performed on all patients in the myelopathy group. The radiologic and clinical data were compared for the two groups.

RESULTS:

There were no significant statistical differences in the degree of instability (6.83 vs. 7.38, P = 0.816), space available for the cord in flexion (6.94 vs. 7.13, P = 0.938), and space available for cord in extension (7.56 vs. 5.75, P = 0.434) between the two groups. There was a poor agreement between the direction of instability and the development of myelopathy (kappa = 0.268, P = 0.308). Magnetic resonance imaging did demonstrate, however, cord compression caused by retro-dental reactive lesions in the myelopathy; cystic masses were present in two patients; and fibrocartilaginous masses were present in seven.

CONCLUSION:

The current study suggests that the value of plain radiographic parameters should be reevaluated as a means of evaluating myelopathy in patients with atlantoaxial instability secondary to Os odontoideum, and that retro-dental reactive lesions should be considered as the potential cause of myelopathy.

PMID:
11064523
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk