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J Med Chem. 2000 Nov 2;43(22):4126-34.

Thio- and oxoflavopiridols, cyclin-dependent kinase 1-selective inhibitors: synthesis and biological effects.

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  • 1Department of Oncology Chemistry, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-4000, USA.


Flavopiridol analogues, thio- and oxoflavopiridols which contain a sulfur (16) or oxygen (18) atom linker between a chromone ring and the hydrophobic side chain, are selective cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) inhibitors with an IC(50) of 110 and 130 nM. These analogues were prepared from key intermediate 7 by substituting the ethyl sulfoxide. Enantio pure intermediate piperidone 10 was obtained from the racemic piperidone 8 via a very efficient "dynamic kinetic resolution" in 76% yield. Hydrophobic side chains such as chlorophenyl or tert-butyl produced potent CDK1 inhibitory activity, while hydrophilic side chains such as pyrimidine or aniline caused a severe reduction in CDK inhibitory activity. These analogues are competitive inhibitors with respect to ATP, and therefore activity was dependent upon the CDK subunit without being affected by the cyclin subunit or protein substrate. Thio- and oxoflavopiridols 16 and 18 are not only selective within the CDK family but also discriminated between unrelated serine/threonine and tyrosine protein kinases. CDK1 selective thio- and oxoflavopiridol analogues inhibit the colony-forming ability of multiple human tumor cell lines and possess a unique antiproliferative profile in comparison to flavopiridol.

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