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Biotechniques. 2000 Oct;29(4):822-6, 828, 830-1.

Human antimicrobial peptides: analysis and application.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine 90095-1690, USA. acole@ucla.edu

Abstract

Antimicrobial peptides are innate host defense molecules that have a direct effect on bacteria, fungi and enveloped viruses. They are found in evolutionarily diverse species ranging from prokaryotes and plants to invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Humans express several families of antimicrobial peptides in myeloid cells and on various epithelial surfaces where they are poised to defend against pathogens. Recently, antimicrobial peptides from animals and plants have served as templates for the design of new therapeutic antibiotics. This review provides an introduction to the biology of human antimicrobial peptides, followed by a more detailed discussion of their isolation from tissues and biological fluids, their purification by gel electrophoresis and chromatography and assays of their antimicrobial activities.

PMID:
11056814
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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