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Psychiatr Prax. 2000 Sep;27 Suppl 2:S68-71.

[Limits of deinstitutionalization: experience in England].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Section of Community Psychiatry (PRiSM), Kings College London.


Psychiatric reform and the current system of mental health care in England are outlined, the system context of the National Health Service (NHS) is described. Recent institutional change in the NHS has introduced internal market elements. More than 90 mental hospitals have been closed. The TAPS study, a longitudinal study evaluating mental hospital closure is described. Results show a range of advantages of the post-discharge care arrangements. Studies evaluating services with a home treatment and community focus (DLP, PRiSM) suggest that community mental health care is feasible. Shortages and problems of the current system of care (acute beds, intensive residential and rehabilitation services) are outlined.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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