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Scand J Public Health. 2000 Sep;28(3):200-8.

Socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation: the role of social participation.

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  • 1Department of Community Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden. martin.lindstrom@smi.mas.lu.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to investigate whether psychosocial resources explain socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance.

METHODS:

A subpopulation of 11,837 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study interviewed in 1992-94, age range 45-64 years, was investigated in this cross-sectional study. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess relative risks of having stopped smoking, adjusting for age, country of origin, previous/current diseases, and marital status.

RESULTS:

An odds ratio of 1.9 (1.4-2.5; 95% CI) for men and 2.0 (1.4-2.7; 95% CI) for women of having stopped smoking was found for higher non-manual employees when compared with unskilled manual workers. A decrease in these odds ratios was found when social participation was introduced into the model. The other three social network and social support variables were non-significant.

CONCLUSION:

High social participation is a predictor of maintenance of smoking cessation. It seems possible to interpret parts of the socioeconomic differences in smoking cessation and its maintenance as a consequence of differing social network resources and social capital between socioeconomic groups.

PMID:
11045752
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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